HACKERT, MARVIN L

Marvin L Hackert

Dean (Interim), Professor
Executive Vice President & Provost, Molecular Biosciences

William Shive Centennial Professor in Biochemistry

Structural Molecular Biology, Protein Crystallography, And Biochemistry

m.hackert@austin.utexas.edu

Phone: 512-232-3604

Office Location
MAI 101

Postal Address
The University of Texas at Austin
Executive Vice President and Provost
110 Inner Campus Drive
Austin, TX 78712

B.A., Central College (1966)
Ph.D., Iowa State University (1970)
NIH Postdoctoral Fellow, Purdue University (1974)

Research Interests

Structural Molecular Biology, Protein Crystallography, And Biochemistry

Dr. Hackert's research interests are in structural molecular biology. These studies concern the characterization, mechanism of action, and structures of proteins and their complexes using the tools of protein crystallography, protein engineering, and mutagenesis.


One area of study deals with proteins regulating polyamine biosynthesis. Polyamines are small, biogenic amines essential for cell growth that play key roles in DNA replication and the cell cycle. Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) initiates polyamine biosynthesis and inhibitors of ODC have been used as anti-parasitic and anti-tumor agents. Antizyme (AZ) is a novel protein regulator of ODC levels. AZ was the first example of a mammalian cellular gene expressed by frameshifting, an exceedingly rare event only occasionally observed even for bacterial and viral genes. However, the frame-shifting requirement for AZ expression is broadly conserved from nematodes to man. At least three isoforms of human AZ have been identified, each with different functional properties. AZ-1 catalyzes a remarkable mode of ATP-dependent, but ubiquitin-independent, degradation of ODC by the 26S proteasome. Antizyme inhibitor (AZI) is an ODC homologue that acts to sequester AZ and rescue ODC activity. We have reported the X-ray structure of ODC and in collaboration with Dr. David Hoffman the NMR structure of antizyme. Future studies will focus on how the proteins ODC, antizyme inhibitor (AZI) and AZ work together to regulate polyamine levels in cells.

A second focus deals with the 4-OT "super-family"of proteins. This family of proteins is characterized by a catalytic, N-terminal proline residue and a sheet-helix-sheet structural domain of about 65 a.a. Most of these proteins are dimers or hexamers, although gene duplication has also produced subunits of about 130 a.a. residues that form trimers. Isomerization, tautomerization, dehalogenation, and decarboxylation activities have all been seen within this superfamily. We have determined several protein structures within the 4-OT superfamily with fuller biochemical characterizations in progress in collaboration with Dr. Chris Whitman.

Representative Publications

Almrud, J.J, Poelarends, G.J., Johnson, Jr. W,H, Serrano, H, Hackert, M.L., and Whitman, C.P. "Crystal Structures of the Wild-type, P1A Mutant, and Inactivated Malonate Semialdehyde Decarboxylase: A Structural Basis for the Decarboxylase and Hydratase Activities" Biochemistry 44(45) (2005): 14818-27.

Hoffman, D.W., Carroll, D., Martinez, N., Hackert, M.L. "Solution Structure of a Conserved Domain of Antizyme: A Protein Regulator of Polyamines" Biochemistry 44(35) (2005): 11777-85.

Almrud, J.J., Kern, A.D. Wang, S.C., Czerwinski, R.M., Johnson, W.H. Jr., Murzin, A.G., Hackert, ML, Whitman, CP "The Crystal Structure of YdcE, a 4-Oxalocrotonate Tautomerase Homologue from Escherichia coli, Confirms the Structural Basis for Oligomer Diversity" Biochemistry 41 (2002): 12010-24.

Knapp, J.E., Carroll, D., Lawson, J.E., Ernst, S.R., Reed, L.J., and Hackert, M.L. "Expression, Purification, and Structural Analysis of the Trimeric Form of the Catalytic Domain of the Escherichia coli Dihydrolipoamide Succinyltransferase" Protein Science 9 (2000): 37-48.

Kern, A.D., Oliveira, M.A., Coffino, P. and Hackert, M.L. "The Structure of Mammalian Ornithine Decarboxylase at 1.6A Resolution: Stereochemical Implications of PLP-dependent Amino Acid Decarboxylases" Structure 7 (1999): 567-581.